Empirical models for dosage optimization of four sz-lactams in critically ill septic patients based on therapeutic drug monitoring of amikacin
Objectives: The study aims to develop empirical models able to predict the pharmacokinetics (PK) of four @b-lactams using the amikacin (AMK) therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), in order to optimize their dosage regimens. Design and methods: 69 critically ill septic patients were included. All received a first dose of AMK combined with piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, cefepime or meropenem. A multivariate analysis was performed to predict the @b-lactam PK using AMK PK parameters estimated from TDM and using pathophysiological variables. Results: An optimal prediction model was identified for each PK parameter of each @b-lactam. The best predictor of each model was one of the AMK PK parameters estimated from TDM. Other variables included colloid solution, renal and hepatic biomarkers, age and body weight. Conclusion: PK of the four @b-lactams could be easily and rapidly predicted in critically ill septic patients using the AMK TDM. These predictions could improve the @b-lactam dosages in clinical practice.
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