Fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP) has become standard therapy for severe twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Data on adverse maternal events are rare. We performed a literature review to obtain data on maternal complications of FLP.
Extensive literature review, searching MEDLINE and other databases from 1990 to 2009, using MESH-terms and further keywords. Data extraction was performed using the following criteria: (i) maternal complications reported as primary or secondary outcome parameters; (ii) any comment on adverse maternal events.
Of 321 publications found 40 were included, comprising 1785 patients. The overall rate of adverse maternal events was 5.4%. In studies with systematic assessment (n=3, 379 patients) the complication rate was significantly higher (17.4% vs. 2.2%, P<0.0001) for complications with undetermined relevance.
High-quality data on maternal complications of FLP are rare. With systematic assessment, the rate of adverse events is significantly higher. Underreporting has to be assumed. Further studies are required to confirm these data.