Altered function of nitrergic nerves inhibiting sympathetic neurotransmission in mesenteric vascular beds of renovascular hypertensive rats.
Neuronal nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to modulate perivascular adrenergic neurotransmission by inhibiting noradrenaline release from terminals in rat mesenteric arteries. This study was conducted to investigate changes in the inhibitory function of NO-containing nerves (nitrergic nerves) in mesenteric vascular beds of 2-kidney, 1-clip renovascular hypertensive rats (2K1C-RHR). Rat mesenteric vascular beds without endothelium were perfused with Krebs solution and the perfusion pressure was measured. In preparations from sham-operated rats (control) and 2K1C-RHRs, vasoconstriction induced by periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS; 2-8 Hz), but not vasoconstriction induced by exogenously injected noradrenaline (0.5, 1.0 nmol), was markedly facilitated in the presence of a nonselective NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor, N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (100 microM). The facilitatory effect of L-NAME in preparations from 2K1C-RHR was smaller than that in control preparations. L-NAME augmented PNS-evoked noradrenaline release, which was smaller in 2K1C-RHRs than in controls. The expression of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) measured by western blotting in mesenteric arteries from 2K1C-RHRs was significantly decreased compared with control arteries. Immunohistochemical staining of mesenteric arteries showed dense innervation of nNOS-immunopositive nerves that was significantly smaller in arteries from 2K1C-RHR than that in control arteries. Mesenteric arteries were densely innervated by tyrosine hydroxylase-immunopositive nerves, which coalesced with nNOS-immunopositive nerves. These results suggest that the inhibitory function of nitrergic nerves in adrenergic neurotransmission is significantly decreased in 2K1C-RHRs. This functional alteration based on the decrease in nNOS expression and nitrergic innervation leads to enhanced adrenergic neurotransmission and contributes to the initiation and development of renovascular hypertension.
Version: za2963e q8za6 q8zb4 q8zc8 q8zd6 q8ze4 q8zf1 q8zg0