1-Alkyl-3-methylimidazolium alkanesulfonate ionic liquids, [C(n)H(2)(n)(+1)mim][C(k)H(2)(k)(+1)SO(3)]: synthesis and physicochemical properties.
A set of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium alkanesulfonate ionic liquids, [C(n)mim][C(k)SO(3)], formed by the variation of the alkyl chain lengths both in the cation and the anion (n = 1-6, 8, or 10; k = 1-4, or 6), was synthesised, with sixteen of them being novel. The ionic liquids were characterised by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. Their viscosities and densities as a function of temperature, as well as melting points and decomposition temperatures, were determined. The molecular volumes, both experimental and calculated, were found to depend linearly on the sum (n + k).
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