Lung cancer staging according to the TNM system is based on morphological assessment of the primary cancer, lymph nodes and metastases. All aspects of this important oncological classification are measurable with MRI. Pulmonary nodules can be detected at the clinically relevant size of 4-5 mm in diameter. The extent of mediastinal, hilar and supraclavicular lymph node affection can be assessed at the same time. The predominant metastatic spread to the adrenal glands and spine can be detected in coronal orientation during dedicated MRI of the lungs. Search focused whole body MRI completes the staging. Various additional MR imaging techniques provide further functional and clinically relevant information during a single examination. In the oncological context the most important techniques are imaging of perfusion and tumor motion. Functional MRI of the lungs complements the pure staging and improves surgical approaches and radiotherapy planning.
We consider energy-efficient wireless resource management in cellular
Networks where BSs are equipped with energy harvesting devices, using
Statistical information for traffic intensity and harvested energy. The problem
Is formulated as adapting BSs' on-off states, active resource blocks (e.g.
We have performed a photometric V, R, I CCD time-series analysis with a
Baseline of ~8 years of the outer-halo globular cluster NGC 7492 with the aim
Of searching for new variables and using these (and the previously known
Variables) to determine the physical parameters of interest for the cluster
We propose a new method to understand quantum entanglement using the thermo
Field dynamics (TFD) described by a double Hilbert space. The entanglement
States show a quantum-mechanically complicated behavior. Our new method using
TFD makes it easy to understand the entanglement states, because the st...
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