Peatlands, soils and the ocean floor are well-recognized as sites of organic carbon accumulation and represent important global carbon sinks. Although the annual burial of organic carbon in lakes and reservoirs exceeds that of ocean sediments, these inland waters are components of the global carbon cycle that receive only limited attention. Of the organic carbon that is being deposited onto the sediments, a certain proportion will be mineralized and the remainder will be buried over geological timescales. Here we assess the relationship between sediment organic carbon mineralization and temperature in a cross-system survey of boreal lakes in Sweden, and with input from a compilation of published data from a wide range of lakes that differ with respect to climate, productivity and organic carbon source. We find that the mineralization of organic carbon in lake sediments exhibits a strongly positive relationship with temperature, which suggests that warmer water temperatures lead to more mineralization and less organic carbon burial. Assuming that future organic carbon delivery to the lake sediments will be similar to that under present-day conditions, we estimate that temperature increases following the latest scenarios presented by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change could result in a 4-27 per cent (0.9-6.4 Tg C yr(-1)) decrease in annual organic carbon burial in boreal lakes.
We must trust the labels assigned to
Individual data. Without supervision, how can we validate this assignment? In
This paper, we present a method to attach affinity scores to the implicit
Labels of individual points in a clustering. The affinity scores capture the
Confidence level of the cluster th...
In the framework of the heavy baryon perturbation theory, in which the
two-pion exchange is considered, the physical properties of
heavy-baryon-anti-heavy-baryon systems are revisited. The potentials between
heavy-baryon and anti-heavy-baryon are extracted in an improved manner. Based
on the extrac...
We discuss different
Classes of them. A simple extension of the Standard Model that generally
Introduces new sources of flavour and CP violation as well as right-handed
Currents is the addition of a U(1) gauge symmetry to the SM gauge group. In
Such Z' models correlations between various flavour obs...
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