One sought to compare surface cooling produced by two cryotherapy modalities (crushed ice in a room temperature wet towel and Liquid Ice). Twenty-five university students (10 female and 15 male) between 19 and 29 years of age (mean+/-SD: 21.36+/-2.33) participated in this study. Skin surface temperature was measured prior to, immediately after 20-minute application, and 20-minute postapplication of the cryotherapy modality using an infrared camera. Both cryotherapy modalities decreased the baseline skin surface temperature (crushed ice: 28.6+/-1.3 to 6.8+/-1.8 degrees C; Liquid Ice: 28.6+/-1.6 to 25.2+/-1.56 degrees C; p<0.001). Assuming that greater cooling seems to be better, the present results suggest that: 1) a 20-minute application of crushed ice in a room temperature wet towel is more effective at cooling skin temperature than evaporative cooling menthol-based products and 2) Liquid Ice(TM) is not a clinically useful modality.
We established Th22-type T cell clones from ocular samples taken from Behçet's disease patients with active uveitis. These clones produced large amounts of IL-22 and TNF-α but not the Th1 cytokine IFN-γ and the Th17 cytokine IL-17. CD4(+) T cells from the peripheral blood of Behçet's disease pat...
We perform molecular
Dynamics simulations of binary Lennard-Jones (LJ) mixtures to quantify how key
Parameters, such as the stoichiometry, particle size difference, attraction
Strength, and heat of mixing, influence the glass-formability of model BMGs.
For binary LJ mixtures, we find that the best g...
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