Recent discoveries have established that mechanical properties of the cellular environment such as its rigidity, geometry, and external stresses play an important role in determining the cellular function and fate. Mechanical properties have been shown to influence cell shape and orientation, regulate cell proliferation and differentiation, and even govern the development and organization of tissues. In recent years, many theoretical and experimental investigations have been carried out to elucidate the mechanisms and consequences of the mechanosensitivity of cells. In this review, we discuss recent theoretical concepts and approaches that explain and predict cell mechanosensitivity. We focus on the interplay of active and passive processes that govern cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and discuss the role of this interplay in the processes of cell adhesion, regulation of cytoskeleton mechanics and the response of cells to applied mechanical stresses.
We report the first single crystal growth of this material.
Through physical property measurements, scattering experiments, and theoretical
Modelling, we offer novel insight into the Y2Mo2O7 problem: for this
Unconventional spin glass, orbital effects should not be ignored....
Osmotic-driven plant movements are widely recognized as impressive examples of energy efficiency and low power consumption. These aspects motivate the interest in developing an original biomimetic concept of new actuators based on the osmotic principle exploited by plants. This study...
We have carried out the first comprehensive
Theoretical investigation of the spectropolarimetric observational signatures
Of the structured magnetic fields. These calculations are applied to interpret
Null results of the recent magnetic surveys of massive stars. The intensity and
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