Detection of pathogens in foods: the current state-of-the-art and future directions.
Over the last fifty years, microbiologists have developed reliable culture-based techniques to detect food borne pathogens. Although these are considered to be the "gold-standard," they remain cumbersome and time consuming. Despite the advent of rapid detection methods such as ELISA and PCR, it is clear that reduction and/or elimination of cultural enrichment will be essential in the quest for truly real-time detection methods. As such, there is an important role for bacterial concentration and purification from the sample matrix as a step preceding detection, so-called pre-analytical sample processing. This article reviews recent advancements in food borne pathogen detection and discusses future methods with a focus on pre-analytical sample processing, culture independent methods, and biosensors.
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