The proper function of the bone morphogenic protein (BMP) pathway during embryonic development and organ maintenance requires its communication with other signaling pathways. Unlike the well-documented regulation of the BMP pathway by FGF/MAPK and Wnt/GSK3 signals, cross-talk between BMP/Smad and retinoic acid (RA)/RA receptor (RAR) pathways is poorly understood. Here, we show that RA represses BMP signal duration by reducing the level of phosphorylated Smad1 (pSmad1). Through its nuclear receptor-mediated transcription, RA enhances the interaction between pSmad1 and its ubiquitin E3 ligases, thereby promoting pSmad1 ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. This regulation depends on the RA-increased Gadd45 expression and MAPK activation. During the neural development in chicken embryo, the RA/RAR pathway also suppresses BMP signaling to antagonize BMP-regulated proliferation and differentiation of neural progenitor cells. Furthermore, this cross-talk between RA and BMP pathways is involved in the proper patterning of dorsal neural tube of chicken embryo. Our results reveal a mechanism by which RA suppresses BMP signaling through regulation of pSmad1 stability.
Pubget Updates sends you emails when Pubget finds new papers that match your search. Use Pubget Updates to get the latest articles for your specialty, written by a colleague, or published by your favorite journals.