An Efficient And Versatile Synthesis Of Glcnacstatins - Potent And Selective O-Glcnacase Inhibitors Built On The Tetrahydroimidazo[1,2-A]Pyridine Scaffold.
We report a novel approach to the synthesis of GlcNAcstatins-members of an emerging family of potent and selective inhibitors of peptidyl O-GlcNAc hydrolase build upon tetrahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine scaffold. Making use of a streamlined synthetic sequence featuring de novo synthesis of imidazoles from glyoxal, ammonia and aldehydes, a properly functionalised linear GlcNAcstatin precursor has been efficiently prepared starting from methyl 3,4-O-(2',3'-dimethoxybutane-2',3'-diyl)-@a-d-mannopyranoside. Subsequent ring closure of the linear precursor in an intramolecular S"N2 process furnished the key fused d-mannose-imidazole GlcNAcstatin precursor in excellent yield. Finally, a sequence of transformations of this key intermediate granted expeditious access to a variety of the target compounds bearing a C(2)-phenethyl group and a range of N(8) acyl substituents. The versatility of the new approach stems from an appropriate choice of a set of acid labile permanent protecting groups on the monosaccharide starting material. Application was demonstrated by the synthesis of GlcNAcstatins containing polyunsaturated and thiol-containing amido substituents.
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