An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the ampulla of vater successfully managed with endoscopic papillectomy: report of a case.
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are solid neoplastic mesenchymal proliferations composed of myofibroblastic spindle cells admixed with inflammatory infiltrates. The documented sites in the gastrointestinal tract include the esophagus, small intestine, colon, appendix, rectum, pancreas, spleen, liver, and Meckel's diverticulum. Biliary IMTs are rare, and IMTs arising from the ampulla of Vater have not been reported previously. Herein we report the case of a 65-year-old woman with an extrahepatic biliary obstruction due to IMT of the ampulla of Vater, and a successful therapeutic approach using endoscopic ultrasonography and endoscopic papillectomy.
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