CT imaging with iopromide liposomes in a rabbit model.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the computed tomography (CT)-imaging potential of iopromide-carrying liposomes (SPC/CH/SPG, 6:3:1) of approximately 200 nm in diameter in healthy rabbits and in rabbits with implanted liver tumors in an intraindividual comparison with iopromide. Normal rabbits and animals with VX2 tumors implanted into the liver received iopromide (600 mg of iodine/kg, bolus injection) and, 1 or 2 days later, iopromide liposomes (300 mg of iodine/kg, bolus injection or 10-minute infusion). CT imaging up to 1 hour after administration was performed, focusing on the aorta, vena cava, kidney, spleen, and liver. Pharmacokinetic parameters for CT enhancement were calculated. Detectability and delineation of liver lesions were assessed on a 4-grade scale, and differences were evaluated statistically. Using half the iodine dose, iopromide liposomes achieved similar blood-pool enhancement as iopromide. Detectability and delineation of liver lesions were easy/good in the arterial phase after iopromide injection, but poor in the venous and equilibration phases. Iopromide liposomes resulted in a long-lasting, good detectability and delineation of liver lesions similar or superior to that observed after iopromide in the arterial phase.
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