Here, we report the characterization of virgin olive oil samples obtained from fruits of the main Tunisian olive cultivar (Chemlali) grown in four planting densities (156, 100, 69, and 51 trees ha(-1)). Olive oil samples obtained from fruits of trees grown at 100 trees ha(-1) had a higher content of oleic acid (65.5%), a higher content of chlorophyll and carotenoids, and a higher content in total phenols (1059.08 mg/kg). Interestingly, olives grown at the two highest planting densities yielded more stable oils than olives grown at the two lowest ones. Thus planting density is found to be a key factor for the quality of olive oils in arid regions.
We study Bessel beams of two-level atoms that are driven by a linearly
Polarized laser field. Starting from the Schroedinger equation, we determine
The states of two-level atoms in a plane-wave field respecting propagation
Directions both of the atom and the field. For such laser-driven two-level
Mass-independent isotope fractionations driven by differences in volumes and shapes of nuclei (the field shift effect) are known in several elements and are likely to be found in more. All-electron relativistic electronic structure calculations can predict this effect but at present...
We develop a Monte Carlo rate equation
Model that self-consistently includes the effect of the probe beam attenuation
To investigate the steady state of the Rydberg medium driven by two laser
Fields. We compare or results to recent experimental data and to results of
Other state-of-the-art models fo...
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