Common genetic variants and modification of penetrance of BRCA2-associated breast cancer.

Mia Gaudet, Tomas Kirchhoff, Todd Green, Joseph Vijai, Joshua M Korn, Candace Guiducci, Ayellet V Segrè, Kate McGee, Lesley McGuffog, Christiana Kartsonaki, Jonathan Morrison, Sue Healey, Olga M Sinilnikova, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Sylvie Mazoyer, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Hagay Sobol, Michel Longy, Marc Frenay, GEMO Study Collaborators, Frans B L Hogervorst, Matti A Rookus, J Margriet Collée, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Kees E P van Roozendaal, Marion Piedmonte, Wendy Rubinstein, Stacy Nerenstone, Linda Van Le, Stephanie V Blank, Trinidad Caldés, Miguel de la Hoya, Heli Nevanlinna, Kristiina Aittomäki, Conxi Lazaro, Ignacio Blanco, Adalgeir Arason, Oskar T Johannsson, Rosa Barkardottir, Peter Devilee, Olofunmilayo I Olopade, Susan L Neuhausen, Xianshu Wang, Zachary S Fredericksen, Paolo Peterlongo, Siranoush Manoukian, Monica Barile, Alessandra Viel, Paolo Radice, Catherine M Phelan, Steven Narod, Gad Rennert, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Anath Flugelman, Irene L Andrulis, Gord Glendon, Hilmi Ozcelik, Amanda E Toland, Marco Montagna, Emma D'Andrea, Eitan Friedman, Yael Laitman, Ake Borg, Mary Beattie, Susan J Ramus, Susan M Domchek, Katherine L Nathanson, Tim Rebbeck, Amanda B Spurdle, Xiaoqing Chen, Helene Holland, Esther M John, John L Hopper, Saundra Buys, Mary B Daly, Melissa C Southey, Mary Beth Terry, Nadine Tung, Thomas V Overeem Hansen, Finn C Nielsen, Mark H Greene, Mark I Greene, Phuong L Mai, Ana Osorio, Mercedes Durán, Raquel Andres, Javier Benítez, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Judy Garber, Ute Hamann, Susan Peock, Margaret Cook, Clare Oliver, Debra Frost, Radka Platte, D Gareth Evans, Fiona Lalloo, Ros Eeles, Louise Izatt, Lisa Walker, Jacqueline Eason, Julian Barwell, Andrew K Godwin, Rita K Schmutzler, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Stefanie Engert, Norbert Arnold, Dorothea Gadzicki, Michael Dean, Bert Gold, Robert J Klein, Fergus J Couch, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Douglas F Easton, Mark J Daly, Antonis C Antoniou, David M Altshuler, and Kenneth Offit

PLoS Genetics 6(10):e1001183 (2010) PMID 21060860 PMCID PMC2965747

The considerable uncertainty regarding cancer risks associated with inherited mutations of BRCA2 is due to unknown factors. To investigate whether common genetic variants modify penetrance for BRCA2 mutation carriers, we undertook a two-staged genome-wide association study in BRCA2 mutation carriers. In stage 1 using the Affymetrix 6.0 platform, 592,163 filtered SNPs genotyped were available on 899 young (<40 years) affected and 804 unaffected carriers of European ancestry. Associations were evaluated using a survival-based score test adjusted for familial correlations and stratified by country of the study and BRCA2*6174delT mutation status. The genomic inflation factor (λ) was 1.011. The stage 1 association analysis revealed multiple variants associated with breast cancer risk: 3 SNPs had p-values<10(-5) and 39 SNPs had p-values<10(-4). These variants included several previously associated with sporadic breast cancer risk and two novel loci on chromosome 20 (rs311499) and chromosome 10 (rs16917302). The chromosome 10 locus was in ZNF365, which contains another variant that has recently been associated with breast cancer in an independent study of unselected cases. In stage 2, the top 85 loci from stage 1 were genotyped in 1,264 cases and 1,222 controls. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for stage 1 and 2 were combined and estimated using a retrospective likelihood approach, stratified by country of residence and the most common mutation, BRCA2*6174delT. The combined per allele HR of the minor allele for the novel loci rs16917302 was 0.75 (95% CI 0.66-0.86, ) and for rs311499 was 0.72 (95% CI 0.61-0.85, ). FGFR2 rs2981575 had the strongest association with breast cancer risk (per allele HR = 1.28, 95% CI 1.18-1.39, ). These results indicate that SNPs that modify BRCA2 penetrance identified by an agnostic approach thus far are limited to variants that also modify risk of sporadic BRCA2 wild-type breast cancer.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1001183