Hormonal contraceptives and endometriosis/adenomyosis.
Over the past 50 years hormonal contraceptives have gradually developed to be cost-effective medical treatment modalities for primary and secondary therapy of endometriosis/adenomyosis. This is particularly true for the various estrogen/progestogen combinations as monophasic - particularly progestogen-dominant - preparations in cyclic, long-cyclic and continuous treatment forms. An alternative is the progestogen-only therapy used continuously. Therapeutic effects have been shown for peritoneal, ovarian and deep-infiltrating endometriosis as well as for adenomyosis. An individualized, medical long-term treatment concept to control endometriosis/adenomyosis-related symptoms, endometriosis/adenomyosis development and minimizing the recurrence rate needs to be further studied in women, who do not desire to become pregnant.
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