Dissolved silver in the Baltic Sea
The increased use of silver as a biocide in nanoparticle formulations has heightened concern on possible environmental implications owing to its toxicity. There is however very little data on the concentration levels of silver in marine and freshwaters. Here, I report data on dissolved (<1pM) to 9.4pM (1ng/L) in the Stockholm Archipelago, with a mean of 2.8pM (0.2ng/L). Inputs from wastewater treatment are clearly discernable and might constitute the main source of silver to the Stockholm Archipelago and possibly the Baltic Sea Proper.
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