120 days ago
90 days ago
30 days ago
7 days ago
Clinical trial, phase 1
Clinical trial, phase 2
Clinical trial, phase 3
Clinical trial, phase 4
Consensus development conference
Consensus development conference, NIH
Controlled clinical trial
Corrected republished article
Randomized controlled trial
All infant: 0-23 mos
All child: 0-18 yrs
All adult: 19+ yrs
Newborn: birth-1 mo
Preschooler: 2-5 yrs
Adolescent: 13-18 yrs
Young adult: 19-24 yrs
Middle-aged: 45-64 yrs
Aged: 65+ yrs
Elderly: 80+ yrs
Increased cancer risks among arthroplasty patients: 30 year follow-up of the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register.
Eur J Cancer (2011)
47(7):1061-71 PMID 21227681
An increasing number of young patients are undergoing knee arthroplasties. Thus, the long-term risks of having a knee prosthesis must be evaluated. This study focuses on the potential carcinogenic effects of the prosthesis; it is a long-term follow-up of all patients in Sweden between 1975 and 2006.
The incidence of cancer in a total population of operated individuals was compared to the overall national cancer incidence in Sweden by means of standardised incidence ratios. Analysis of cancer latency period was performed to identify potential aetiological factors.
For male and female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis (OA), the overall cancer risks were elevated, ranging from 1.10 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.18) for men with OA to 1.26 (1.23-1.29) for men with RA. The greatest increases in risk were observed for the leukaemia subtypes, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and essential thrombocytosis (ET), ranging from 3.31 (1.24-8.83) for ET in men with OA to 7.38 (1.85-29.51) for ET in women with RA. Increases in risk were also observed for breast cancer, prostate cancer and melanoma. The latency analysis revealed elevated risks late in the study period for both solid and haematopoietic cancers. However, only increases in MDS and possibly prostate cancer and melanoma rates appeared to be connected to the operation.
This study showed that OA and RA arthroplasty patients have a significantly higher risk of cancer than the general population. Elevated risks of MDS and possibly prostate cancer and melanoma indicated a potential connection to exposure to metals in the implant. The observed excessive incidence of ET was likely associated with the inflammatory disease.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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