Effect of blood decrease on micafungin disposition in rats.
Micafungin (MCFG) is a novel echinocandin-class antifungal agent that extensively undergoes metabolic removal in the liver. In the present study, the influence of decreased blood volume on pharmacokinetic disposition of MCFG was examined using a rat model prepared by phlebotomy. In phlebotomized rats, hematocrit level and plasma albumin concentration were decreased by 50 and 15%, respectively. Regarding the pharmacokinetic parameters of MCFG, there were no significant differences in the total body clearance (CL(tot)) and elimination rate constant (k (e)) between control and phlebotomized rat groups. A slight increase was observed in the apparent volume of distribution at steady-state (Vd(ss)), but the degree of change was minimal. These findings demonstrate that the elimination capacity for MCFG is only slightly affected by severe anemia and moderate hypoalbuminemia, and provide experimental evidence for the preceding clinical studies suggesting that neither hematocrit level nor serum albumin concentration is a contributory factor for the metabolic clearance of MCFG.
Version: za2963e q8za7 q8zbb q8zc8 q8zd0 q8ze8 q8zf5 q8zg3