[Even more critical medicine: a retrospective analysis of casualties admitted to the intensive care unit in the Spanish Military Hospital in Herat (Afghanistan)].
To analyze casualties from firearm and explosives injuries who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit in the Spanish ROLE-2E from December 2005 to December 2008 and to evaluate which damaging agent had produced the highest morbidity-mortality in our series using score indices with anatomical base (ISS and NISS). Observational and retrospective study performed between 2005 and 2008. Polyvalent Intensive Care Unit in the Spanish Military Hospital of those deployed in Afghanistan. The inclusion criteria were all patients who had been wounded by firearm or by explosive devices and who had been admitted in ICU in Spanish Military Hospital in Herat (Afghanistan). The anatomic scores Injury Severity Score and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS) were applied to all the selected patients to estimate the grade of severity of their injuries. Independent: damaging agent, injured anatomical area, protection measures and dependent: mortality, surgical procedure applied, score severity and socio-demographics and control variables. Eighty-six casualties, 30 by firearm and 56 by explosive devices. Applying the NISS, 38% of the casualties had suffered severe injuries. Mean stay in the ICU was 2.8 days and mortality was 10%. Significant differences in admission to the ICU for the damaging agent were not observed (P=.142). No significant differences were observed in the need for admission and stay in the ICU according to the damaging agent. The importance of the strategy, care and logistics of the intensive care military physician in Intensive Medicine in the Operating Room in Afghanistan is stressed. © 2010 Elsevier España, S.L. and SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.