Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) deacetylase-dependent inhibition mediates neuroprotective reduction of cholesterol biosynthesis in an in vitro Huntington's disease model. This study sought to identify the first brain-permeable SIRT2 inhibitor and to characterize its cholesterol-reducing properties in neuronal models. Using biochemical sirtuin deacetylation assays, we screened a brain-permeable in silico compound library, yielding 3-(1-azepanylsulfonyl)-N-(3-bromphenyl)benzamide as the most potent and selective SIRT2 inhibitor. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated brain-permeability but limited metabolic stability of the selected candidate. In accordance with previous observations, this SIRT2 inhibitor stimulated cytoplasmic retention of sterol regulatory element binding protein-2 and subsequent transcriptional downregulation of cholesterol biosynthesis genes, resulting in reduced total cholesterol in primary striatal neurons. Furthermore, the identified inhibitor reduced cholesterol in cultured naïve neuronal cells and brain slices from wild-type mice. The outcome of this study provides a clear opportunity for lead optimization and drug development, targeting metabolic dysfunctions in CNS disorders where abnormal cholesterol homeostasis is implicated.
Polycyclic musks have become a concern due to their bioaccumulation potential and ecotoxicological effects. The HHCB transformation product (TP) (1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethyl-cyclopenta[γ]-2-benzopyran; HHCB-lactone) is the most stable intermediate generated and it i...
We investigate the nature of the phase transition for charged scalars in the
Presence of a magnetic background for a theory with spontaneous symmetry
Breaking. We perform a careful treatment of the negative mass squared as a
Function of the order parameter and present a suitable method to obtain
We rigorously investigate the quantum dissipative dynamics of a ratchet
System described by a periodic potential model based on the Caldeira-Leggett
Hamiltonian with a biharmonic force. In this model, we use the reduced
Hierarchy equations of motion in the Wigner space representation. These
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