Genome-wide survey of natural selection on functional, structural, and network properties of polymorphic sites in Saccharomyces paradoxus.
To characterize the genetic basis of phenotypic evolution, numerous studies have identified individual genes that have likely evolved under natural selection. However, phenotypic changes may represent the cumulative effect of similar evolutionary forces acting on functionally related groups of genes. Phylogenetic analyses of divergent yeast species have identified functional groups of genes that have evolved at significantly different rates, suggestive of differential selection on the functional properties. However, due to environmental heterogeneity over long evolutionary timescales, selection operating within a single lineage may be dramatically different, and it is not detectable via interspecific comparisons alone. Moreover, interspecific studies typically quantify selection on protein-coding regions using the D(n)/D(s) ratio, which cannot be extended easily to study selection on noncoding regions or synonymous sites. The population genetic-based analysis of selection operating within a single lineage ameliorates these limitations.
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