2011 update to National Heart Foundation of Australia and Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand Guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of chronic heart failure in Australia, 2006.
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex and lethal clinical syndrome accounting for an increasing number of Australian hospital separations and more than 2700 Australian deaths in 2008. In 2006, the National Heart Foundation of Australia and Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand published Guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of chronic heart failure in Australia, 2006. Results from recently published clinical trials provide additional information to be considered in the prevention, detection and management of CHF. In some cases, this new evidence strengthens recommendations previously made in the 2006 guidelines; in others, it provides new approaches to current recommended practice. Areas in which there have been significant new developments include: Use of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal proBNP plasma level measurement in guiding treatment of CHF; New pharmacological approaches to the treatment of systolic heart failure; Drugs to avoid or use with caution in CHF; Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in patients with CHF; Multidisciplinary care and post-discharge management programs. While patient circumstances and clinical judgement should guide the interpretation of these findings in the clinical context, this update, together with the 2006 guidelines, provides current clinical guidance on CHF.