[Different distribution of NMDA receptor subunits in cortex contributes to selective vulnerability of motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis].
To investigate the relationship between different distribution of NMDA receptor subunits and motor neurons selective vulnerability in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. First we investigated whether administration of THA, a glutamate transport inhibitor, in cultured organotypic brain tissue made different damage of motor cortex and piriform cortex. Then we testified that selective motor cortex injury was related to disparate distribution of NR2A and NR2B by measuring their protein expression with the method of Western blot. In order to make clear different role of NR2A and NR2B in chronic glutamate excitotoxicity of motor neurons injury, we inhibited NR2A and NR2B separately in cultured cortical motor neurons and brain slices to investigate the mortality changes of motor neurons. The mortality rate of neurons in motor cortex was apparently higher than that of piriform cortex (64.50% ± 2.19% and 30.43% ± 4.75%, P
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