Modulation of oscillatory activity through basal ganglia-cortical loops in specific frequency bands is thought to reflect specific functional states of neural networks. A specific negative correlation between beta and gamma sub-bands has been demonstrated in human basal ganglia and may be key for normal basal ganglia function. However, these studies were limited to Parkinson's disease patients. To confirm that this interaction is a feature of normal basal ganglia, we recorded local field potential (LFP) from electrodes in globus pallidus (GP) of intact rats. We found significant negative correlation between specific frequencies within gamma (≈ 60 Hz) and beta (≈ 14 Hz) bands. Furthermore, we show that fluctuations in power at these frequencies are differentially nested within slow (≈ 3 Hz) oscillations in the delta band, showing maximum power at distinct and different phases of delta. These results suggest a hierarchical organization of LFP frequencies in the rat GP, in which a low-frequency signal in the basal ganglia can predict the timing and interaction of power fluctuations across higher frequencies. Finally, we found that dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptor antagonists differentially affected power in gamma and beta bands and also had different effects on correlation between them and the nesting within delta, indicating an important role for endogenous dopamine acting on direct and indirect pathway neurons in the maintenance of the hierarchical organization of frequency bands. Disruption of this hierarchical organization and subsequent disordered beta-gamma balance in basal ganglia disorders such as Parkinson's disease may be important in the pathogenesis of their symptoms.
The longitudinal Schottky spectra of a radio-frequency (RF) bunched and
electron cooled 22Ne10+ ion beam at 70 MeV/u have been studied by a newly
installed resonant Schottky pick-up at the experimental cooler storage ring
(CSRe), at IMP. For an RF-bunched ion beam, a longitudinal momentum spread of...
We present a substantial extension of the mm-wave continuum photometry
Catalog for Taurus circumstellar dust disks. Combining new Submillimeter Array
Data with measurements in the literature, we construct a mm-wave luminosity
Distribution for Class II disks that is statistically complete for stellar...
We also found that emotional eating is coupled with the cycle of the ovarian hormone estradiol, and the peak of emotional eating occurs after the peak of estradiol. The self-reported average level of negative affect moderates the frequency of eating regulation and the coupling strength between eatin...
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