Determination of glyceryl trinitrate and its two main metabolites in human plasma using a new sensitive gas chromatography method.
The aim of the present study was to determine the concentrations of nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate, GTN, CAS 55-63-0) and its two main stable metabolites; 1,2-dinitroglycerin (1,2-glyceryl dinitrate, GDN, CAS 621-65-8) and 1,3-dinitroglycerin (1,3-GDN, CAS 623-87-0) in human plasma using a capillary gas chromatography method with an electron capture detection. Using the GC conditions, linear calibrations were obtained for 1,3-GDN from 0.14 to 3 ng/mL, for 1,2-GDN from 0.06 to 6 ng/mL, and for GTN from 0.01 to 0.3 ng/mL in plasma samples by the following calibration curve equations: [y = 0.1924x - 0.0088 (r = 0.999)], [y = 0.2273x + 0.0164 (r = 0.995)], [y = 17.434x - 0.0751] for 1,3-GDN, 1,2-GDN, and GTN respectively. The calculated limits of quantification values for GTN, 1,2-GDN, and 1,3-GDN were 0.03 ng/mL, 0.2 ng/mL, and 0.15 ng/mL respectively. This method was verified with a bioequivalence study of an Iranian brand of oral sustained release nitroglycerin with an innovator formulation.
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