Graphene-DNAzyme based biosensor for amplified fluorescence "turn-on" detection of Pb2+ with a high selectivity.
On the basis of the remarkable difference in affinity of graphene (GO) with ssDNA containing a different number of bases in length, we for the first time report a GO-DNAzyme based biosensor for amplified fluorescence "turn-on" detection of Pb(2+). A FAM-labeled DNAzyme-substrate hybrid acted as both a molecular recognition module and signal reporter and GO as a superquencher. By taking advantage of the super fluorescence quenching efficiency of GO, our proposed biosensor exhibits a high sensitivity toward the target with a detection limit of 300 pM for Pb(2+), which is lower than previously reported for catalytic beacons. Moreover, with the choice of a classic Pb(2+)-dependent GR-5 DNAzyme instead of 8-17 DNAzyme as the catalytic unit, the newly designed sensing system also shows an obviously improved selectivity than previously reported methods. Moreover, the sensing system was used for the determination of Pb(2+) in river water samples with satisfying results.
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