Isolation of H. pylori from gastric mucosal biopsy specimens is a prerequisite for further studies addressing drug susceptibility testing, analysis and characterization of virulence factors, molecular epidemiology studying or other comparative studies. In this study, we used a modified enriched culture medium with short incubation time to improve the isolation rate of H. pylori from the clinical specimens.
Between October 2008 and October 2009, 266 dyspeptic patients attending the endoscopy ward of Motahhary Clinic of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, were investigated. The biopsy samples were cultured on two selective media called M1, which we used in our previous studies, and a modified medium called M2. The cultures were kept in a microaerophilic atmosphere at 37 degrees C. The plates were inspected first on day 1, and then on daily basis for a total of 10 days. The isolates were confirmed as H. pylori by colony morphology and positive oxidase, catalase and rapid urease tests. We used the same media and culture conditions to subculture the isolates for several times. Specimens were considered to be H. pylori positive if either the culture or two of the three diagnostic methods yielded positive results.
The isolation rate of H. pylori strains from the samples was significantly higher on M2 in comparison with M1 medium (p<0.05), i.e., after incubation for about 24 hrs. Following these procedures, the preservation time could be extended beyond 6 months without a significant loss of viability.
The modified culture technique enabled a shorter incubation time and a higher isolation rate for H.pylori obtained from clinical samples.