Post-quit stress mediates the relation between social support and smoking cessation among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence 163:71 (2016)
Social support interventions have demonstrated limited effectiveness for preventing smoking relapse. The stress-buffering hypothesis may be a useful framework by which to understand social support in smoking cessation interventions. The current study evaluated the interrelations among social sup...
Latino and Black smokers in the Health and Retirement Study are more likely to quit: the role of light smoking.
Tobacco Induced Diseases 14:23 (2016)
Older persons are more vulnerable to tobacco mortality and less likely to make quit attempts. Less is known, however, about the role of race and ethnicity on quit rates in the U.S. Using a nationally representative data source of older adults in U.S., we aimed to study racial and ethnic differen...
Nicotine Dependence, Nicotine Metabolism, and the Extent of Compensation in Response to Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 17(9):1167 (2015)
The Food and Drug Administration has the authority to regulate tobacco product constituents, including nicotine, to promote public health. Reducing the nicotine content in cigarettes may lead to lower levels of addiction. Smokers however may compensate by smoking more cigarettes and/or smoking m...
Cigarette Smoking and Depressive Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 17(6):727 (2015)
In the present study, we investigated associations among cigarette smoking, smoking cessation treatment, and depressive symptoms in Hispanic/Latino adults.
The multisite prospective population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino ...
Prostate Cancer Screening and Mortality in Blacks and Whites: A Hospital-based Case-Control Study.
Journal of the National Medical Association 107(2):32 (2015)
Prostate cancer incidence and mortality are substantially higher in Black than in white men. Prostate cancer screening remains controversial. This study was conducted to assess the impact of, and racial differences in, prostate cancer screening on prostate cancer mortality.
This was a case-contr...
Risk of Cigarette Smoking Initiation During Adolescence Among US-Born and Non-US-Born Hispanics/Latinos: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
American Journal of Public Health 105(6):1230 (2015)
We assessed risk of cigarette smoking initiation among Hispanics/Latinos during adolescence by migration status and gender.
The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) surveyed persons aged 18 to 74 years in 2008 to 2011. Our cohort analysis (n = 2801 US-born, 13 200 non-US-b...
Tobacco-related mortality among persons with mental health and substance abuse problems.
PLoS ONE 10(3):e0120581 (2015)
The rate of cigarette smoking is greater among persons with mental health and/or substance abuse problems. There are few population-based datasets with which to study tobacco mortality in these vulnerable groups. The Oregon Health Authority identified persons who received publicly-funded mental ...
Sexual orientation-related differences in tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure among US adults aged 20 to 59 years: 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.
American Journal of Public Health 103(10):1837 (2013)
We investigated sexual orientation-related differences in tobacco use and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in a nationally representative sample of US adults.
The 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys assessed 11 744 individuals aged 20 to 59 years for sexual orientation, to...
Asthma and suicidal ideation and behavior among Puerto Rican older children and adolescents.
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 201(7):587 (2013)
There is growing evidence of a positive association between asthma and suicidal ideation and behavior in the general community, although information on this potential association is scarce among older children and adolescents and Puerto Ricans, groups at risk for both conditions. Data came from ...
Asthma and mental health among youth: etiology, current knowledge and future directions.
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine 6(4):397 (2012)
Asthma and mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety and behavior disorders, are common among youth and are significant sources of morbidity. There is a consistent association between asthma and anxiety/depression and a less consistent association between asthma and behavior disorders....
Health status and risk indicator trends of the aging US health care workforce.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 54(4):497 (2012)
To describe the health status and risk indicator trends in a representative sample of US health care workers aged 45 years and older.
Using pooled data from the 1997 to 2009 National Health Interview Survey, logistic regression analyses were performed to determine whether age-group specific morb...
Cardiovascular fitness levels among American workers.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 53(10):1115 (2011)
To explore cardiovascular fitness in 40 occupations using a nationally representative sample of the US population.
Respondents aged 18 to 49 years (N = 3354) from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were evaluated for cardiovascular fitness and classified into low, ...
Secondhand smoke exposure and mental health among children and adolescents.
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 165(4):332 (2011)
To examine a potential association between biologically confirmed secondhand smoke exposure and symptoms of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition) (DSM-IV) major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity dis...
Secondhand smoke exposure and the risk of hearing loss.
Tobacco Control 20(1):82 (2011)
Hearing loss has been associated with tobacco smoking, but its relationship with secondhand smoke is not known. We sought to investigate the association between secondhand smoke exposure and hearing loss in a nationally representative sample of adults. The National Health and Nutrition Examinati...
Secondhand smoke policy and the risk of depression.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine 39(2):198 (2010)
Banning smoking in work and public settings leads to immediate reductions in disease burden. However, no previous studies have looked specifically at the impact smoking bans may have on depression.
The 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) uses a cross-sectional design represen...
Secondhand smoke exposure and depressive symptoms.
Psychosomatic Medicine 72(1):68 (2010)
To evaluate the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and depression. Tobacco smoking and depression are strongly associated, but the possible effects of SHS have not been evaluated.
The 2005 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a cross-sectional sam...
Food label use and awareness of nutritional information and recommendations among persons with chronic disease.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 90(5):1351 (2009)
Because of the relation between chronic disease and poor nutritional habits, the use of food labels and adherence to dietary recommendations are important for chronic disease populations. We explored whether persons with chronic disease read nutrient information on food labels and whether they w...
What accounts for differences in substance use among U.S.-born and immigrant Hispanic adolescents?: results from a longitudinal prospective cohort study.
Journal of Adolescent Health 45(2):118 (2009)
The current study was conducted to ascertain whether the effects of nativity (i.e., U.S. born vs. immigrant) on Hispanic adolescent substance use is mediated by ecological processes such as family functioning, school connectedness, and perceived peer substance use.
The effects of family, peer, a...
Men's serostatus disclosure to parents: associations among social support, ethnicity, and disease status in men living with HIV.
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 23(5):693 (2009)
Directly disclosing a positive HIV serostatus to family members can affect psychological and disease status. Perceptions that one is in a supportive family environment may moderate these effects; however, ethnic differences may exist in the support processes of families coping with HIV.
Accuracy of self-reported smoking and secondhand smoke exposure in the US workforce: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 50(12):1414 (2008)
Occupational health studies often rely on self-reported secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. This study examines the accuracy of self-reported tobacco use and SHS exposure.
Data on serum cotinine, self-reported tobacco use, and SHS exposure for US workers were extracted from three National Health an...