Interrelation of Cadmium, Smoking, and Cardiovascular Disease (from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey).
The American Journal of Cardiology 118(2):204 (2016)
Cadmium biomarker levels are associated with both cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease. In this cross-sectional survey, we explore whether the association between cadmium and cardiovascular disease differs between cigarette smoking states. A cross-sectional analysis using the National He...
Changes in Cigarette Smoking Behavior Among US Young Workers From 2005 to 2010: The Role of Occupation.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 18(6):1414 (2016)
Young adult workers (18-24 years) in the United States have been identified as a high-risk group for smoking. This study compares changes in smoking behavior by occupational class among this group between 2005 and 2010.
Data were pooled from the Tobacco Supplement in the 2005 and 2010 National H...
Health Information Seeking and Cancer Screening Adherence Rates.
Journal of Cancer Education 31(1):75 (2016)
Effective screening tools are available for many of the top cancer killers in the USA. Searching for health information has previously been found to be associated with adhering to cancer screening guidelines, but Internet information seeking has not been examined separately. The current study ex...
Metabolic Syndrome Among Marijuana Users in the United States: An Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data.
The American Journal of Medicine 129(2):173 (2016)
Research on the health effects of marijuana use in light of its increased medical use and the current obesity epidemic is needed. Our objective was to explore the relationship between marijuana use and metabolic syndrome across stages of adulthood.
An analysis of 20- to 59-year-olds (n = 8478) w...
Smoking behavior among adult childhood cancer survivors: what are we missing?
Journal of Cancer Survivorship 10(1):131 (2016)
Childhood cancer survivors are a growing population at increased risk for smoking-related health complications. This study compared smoking prevalence, age at smoking initiation, and time trend of smoking prevalence from 1997 to 2010 between adult survivors of childhood cancer and adults without...
A Questionnaire of Parental Perceptions of Conscious Sedation in Pediatric Dentistry.
Pediatric dentistry 38(2):116 (2016)
The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions of parents about oral sedation in pediatric dentistry.
A 21-question questionnaire, administered to parents of children presenting for care in four pediatric dental practices, collected demographic information, media exposure to sedation, a...
Correlates of smoking among youth: the role of parents, friends, attitudes/beliefs, and demographics.
Tobacco Induced Diseases 14:9 (2016)
Family engagement has been shown to play a crucial role in youth cigarette use prevention and uptake. We examine cross-sectional and longitudinal data to determine whether changes in parental monitoring factors influence changes in smoking susceptibility.
Two cross-sectional surveys of Florida y...
Opportunities for Increased Physical Activity in the Workplace: the Walking Meeting (WaM) Pilot Study, Miami, 2015.
Preventing chronic disease 13:E83 (2016)
Despite the positive impact walking has on human health, few opportunities exist for workers with largely sedentary jobs to increase physical activity while at work. The objective of this pilot study was to examine the implementation, feasibility, and acceptability of using a Walking Meeting (Wa...
A New Approach to Pathogen Containment in the Operating Room: Sheathing the Laryngoscope After Intubation.
Anesthesia & Analgesia 121(5):1209 (2015)
Anesthesiologists may contribute to postoperative infections by means of the transmission of blood and pathogens to the patient and the environment in the operating room (OR). Our primary aims were to determine whether contamination of the IV hub, the anesthesia work area, and the patient could ...
Working with cancer: health and employment among cancer survivors.
Annals of Epidemiology 25(11):832 (2015)
Cancer affects a growing proportion of US workers. Factors contributing to whether they continue or return to work after cancer diagnosis include: age, physical and mental health, health insurance, education, and cancer site. The purpose of this study was to assess the complex relationships betw...
Female Rats Demonstrate Improved Locomotor Recovery and Greater Preservation of White and Gray Matter after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Compared to Males.
Journal of Neurotrauma 32(15):1146 (2015)
The possibility of a gender-related difference in recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) remains a controversial subject. Current empirical animal research lacks sizable test groups to definitively determine whether significant differences exist. Evaluating locomotor recovery variances between ...
HIV infection Worsens Age-Associated Defects in Antibody Responses to Influenza Vaccine.
Journal of Infectious Diseases 211(12):1959 (2015)
Antibody responses to seasonal influenza vaccines are defective during older age and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The effect of HIV on immune function in aging is relatively unknown.
HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected young women (age, 19-54 years) and older women (age, >55 years) ...
New baseline environmental assessment of mosquito ecology in northern Haiti during increased urbanization.
Journal Of Vector Ecology 40(1):46 (2015)
The catastrophic 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, led to the large-scale displacement of over 2.3 million people, resulting in rapid and unplanned urbanization in northern Haiti. This study evaluated the impact of this unplanned urbanization on mosquito ecology and vector-borne diseases...
Dry eye specific quality of life in veterans using glaucoma drops.
Contact Lens and Anterior Eye 38(3):220 (2015)
To evaluate the frequency of ocular surface symptoms and their potential impact on dry eye specific quality of life (QoL) in patients using versus not using glaucoma medications.
The study was a single-center, cross-sectional survey of patients seen at the Miami Veterans Affairs (VA) ophthalmolo...
Gender and ethnic differences in health-promoting behaviors of rural adolescents.
Journal of School Nursing 31(3):219 (2015)
Although much is known about health-risk behaviors of adolescents, less is known about their health-promoting behaviors. The purpose of this analysis was to compare health-promoting behaviors in adolescents in Grades 9-12 by gender and ethnicity and explore how these behaviors changed over time....
Home-based diabetes symptom self-management education for Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes.
Health Education Research 30(3):484 (2015)
This pilot study evaluated an innovative diabetes symptom awareness and self-management educational program for Mexican Americans, a fast growing minority population experiencing a diabetes epidemic. Patients with diabetes need assistance interpreting and managing symptoms, which are often annoy...
Changes in ethnic identity and competence in middle adolescents.
Journal of Transcultural Nursing 26(3):227 (2015)
Evidence suggests that the construct of ethnic identity (EI) in adolescents changes over time and is related to factors including social connectedness, social competence, coping, and self-worth. Transitional changes of EI in middle adolescence have not been studied.
This analysis, part of a long...
Effect of ethnicity on weight loss after bariatric surgery.
Obesity Surgery 25(5):769 (2015)
Previous studies have reported better weight loss after bariatric surgery among non-Hispanic whites (NHW) versus non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) and Hispanics. The majority of these studies took place in areas where NHW are the majority. This study aimed to compare post-surgery weight outcomes by ethn...
Double gloves: a randomized trial to evaluate a simple strategy to reduce contamination in the operating room.
Anesthesia & Analgesia 120(4):848 (2015)
Oral flora, blood-borne pathogens, and bacterial contamination pose a direct risk of infection to patients and health care workers. We conducted a study in a simulated operating room using a newly validated technology to determine whether the use of 2 sets of gloves, with the outer set removed i...
Relationship between parent demographic characteristics, perinatal and early childhood behaviors, and body mass index among preschool-age children.
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 17(2):414 (2015)
Approximately 25% of US 2-to-5-year olds are overweight and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected. We explored the relationship between parent demographic characteristics, various perinatal/early childhood (EC) factors, and child body mass index (BMI) to determine possible contr...